Fred Limp


Photo of Fred Limp
Fred Limp - 
JBHT-CAST room 304 (campus mail)

JBHT 426 (office)

Phone: (479) 575-7909

Fax:(479) 575-5218

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Fred Limp as imaged by an AGEMA 570 camera which uses a focal plane array, uncooled microbolometer  with 320x240 pixel resolution. The spectral range is 7.5 - 13 micrometers (infrared range). Image distance 1.5 meters. Photo courtesy of Jay Johnson, University of Mississippi.


Indiana University, Ph.D. Anthropology, 1983; Indiana University, M.A. Anthropology, 1977; Indiana University, B.A. Anthropology, 1973

Summary of Experience

 Leica Geosystems Chair in Geospatial Imaging (2005-Present)

Director, Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (1991-2009)

University Professor, Departments of Anthropology, GeoScience and Environmental Dynamics Program, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville (2004-Present)

Fred Limp has had active careers in two areas - archeology and heritage preservation and geoinformatics.


In the area of geoinformatics Limp was a founder and served on the Board of the Open Geospatial Consortium, as well as the Intergraph Geospatial Executive's Board, AmericaView, SPOT Image Academic Advisory Board, the National Consortium for Rural Geospatial Innovations Board, Oracle North America Users Forum, Sam M. Walton College of Business Information Technology Research Institute Board, the UA's RFID Center Steering Committee and the OGC Interoperability Institute. He was part of the initial developement community around the initial FOSS (Free and Open Source Software) GIS software - GRASS - in the mid-80s and early 90s. He served as an instructor on the GRASS software at many locations including Colorado State, Rutgers, NASA and others.  He was appointed by Arkansas Governor Tucker to the Arkansas Mapping and Land Records Modernization Board and by Governor Huckabee to the Arkansas State Land Information Board. He is co-author of two legislative acts implementing geospatial technologies across the state. He has been a leader in the development of on-line education in geoinformatics including a new Arkansas Department of Higher Education approved certificate program. He received the Arkansas GIS Users Forum Lifetime Achievement Award, and was a founding Arkansas Computing Academy Inductee. For his research he received the GAIA Award from the GRASS Community, the Fulbright College Master Researcher Award, and the University of Arkansas Alumni Distinguished Research Award.

Archaeology and heritage preservation

While completing his graduate studies at IU he led the development of an archaeological computer mapping system and the DELOS information systems, one of the first comprehensive data base systems in archaeology. He was involved in a range of excavations and surveys. His dissertation included the development and programing in the late 1970s of what would later be called a "GIS" - which he used to apply location choice analysis to pre-Columbian settlement location. Following the receipt of his doctoral degree in anthropology (with an emphasis in archaeology) at Indiana University he then served as Co-Director for the Center for American Archaeology's Contract Archaeology Program (1978-1979) and as Assistant and Interim Director, Arkansas Archaeological Survey (1979-1990). While he was at the CAA he led the purchase and development of a comprehensive computational program.  He was appointed by Interior Secretary Ken Salazar to the Board of the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training.  He was elected as Treasurer and then as President of the Society of American Archaeology and served on the Board of the Foundation for American Archaeology and the University Consortium for Preservation Technology. In 1989 wrote an early review of satellite based remote sensing in archaeology available here. Limp and his associates James Farley, Bob Harris and Jami Lockhart developed one of the first GIS research programs in archaeology in the 1980s and their facilites were used for the analysis of the Hvar project data by Gaffney and Stancic's described in their ground breaking GIS Approaches to Regional Analysis. 

Limp was a contributing editor for GeoWorld magazine, a contributor to Earth Imaging Journal and has written and lectured extensively on spatial technology and archaeology issues. Articles on his work have been featured in the popular press including USA Today, Omni, New Scientist, Americas, The Economist, Wall Street Journal, Delta Sky, ComputerWorld, eWeek, InformationWeek, Wall Street Journal as well as in National Geographic and Public Television Systems network series,  as well as in National Geographic books, and on US National Public Radio, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and German Public Television.


Limp has written or edited 9 books and more than 95 journal articles and edited chapters. He has published more than 100 articles in national and international professional magazines, served as keynote or plenary session speaker at ten conferences, presented more than 80 professional papers, and organized six professional meetings.

Selected Scholarly Publications

Tullis, J.A., J.D. Cothren, X. Shi, W. Limp, R.F. Linck and S.G. Young, (in press) “Geoprocessing, Workflows, and Provenance.” In P. Thenkabail (editor) Remote Sensing Handbook , Vol. 1, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

K Kintigh, J  Altschul, M Beaudry, R Drennan, A Kinzig, T Kohler, W Limp, H Maschner, W Michener, T Pauketat, P Peregrine, J Sabloff, T Wilkinson, H Wright and M Zeder. 2015. "Grand Challenges for Archaeology." Advances in Archaeological Practice 3(1)1-15.

K Kintigh, J  Altschul, M Beaudry, R Drennan, A Kinzig, T Kohler, W Limp, H Maschner, W Michener, T Pauketat, P Peregrine, J Sabloff, T Wilkinson, H Wright and M Zeder. 2015. "Grand Challenges for Archaeology." Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 111(3):879-880.

Limp, W., S. Winters and A. Payne. 2015.  “Imagining the Medieval Mississippian Town.” in Pauketat and S. Ault (eds) Medieval Mississippians. SAR Press, Santa Fe

Limp, W and  Adam Barnes. 2014. “Solving the Grid-to-Ground Problem when Using High Precision GNSS in Archaeological Mapping.” Advances in Archaeological Practice. (2)138-143. Available here.

Limp, W., A. Payne, S. Winters, A. Barnes and J Cothren. 2013. "Approaching 3D digital heritage data from a multi-technology lifecycle perspective." In F. Contreras, M. Farjas and F. Melero (eds) Proceedings of the 38th Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Granada Spain. BAR International Series 2494. London. Pg 15-22.

Limp, W. 2011. "Web 2.0 and beyond: or On the web nobody knows you're an archaeologist." In E. Kansa, S. Kansa and E. Watrall (eds) Archaeology 2.0 New Approaches to Communication and Collobration. Cotsen Institute Press, Los Angles. pages 265-280 or available digitally here

Limp, W. A Payne, K. Simon, S. Winters and J Cothren.  2011. "Developing a 3-D Digital Heritage Ecosystem: from object to representation and the role of a virtual museum in the 21st century." Internet Archaeology 30

Limp, W. F. 2010 "Towards a startegy for heritage visualization."  Proceedings, CAA 2009, Making History Interactive. Williamsburg VA. Available here.

A. Payne, K. Cole, K. Simon, C. Goodmaster and W. F. Limp.  2010 "Desiging the next generation virtual museum."  Proceedings, CAA 2009, Making History Interactive.Williamsburg VA. Available here.

Cothren, J., D. Frederick, W.F. Limp, T. deNoble, A. Barnes, C. Goodmaster, C. Stevens. In Press. "Visualizing the Roman City: Viewing the past through multidisciplinary eyes." Proceedings of the 36th (2008) Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Budapest.

Cothren, J. C.Goodmaster, A. Barnes, E. Ernenwein, A. Vranich, W.F. Limp, A. Payne, 2008 "Fusion of 3-dimensional data at Tiwanaku: An approach to spatial data integration." Proceeding of the 36th (2008) Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, On the Road to Reconstructing the Past. Budapest.

Limp. W. F. 2007 "GIS" in Eiteljorg, H. An introduction to archaeological computing. Center for the Study of Archaeology and Architecture. Bryn Mawr. PA. Available here.

Tullis, J , J.Cothren, D. E. Irwin, C. Yeager, W. F. Limp, J. Wilson, B. Gorham and S Ogle.  "2007 Yearly Extraction of Central America's Land Cover for Carbon Flux Monitoring." GIScience & Remote Sensing, 2007, 44, No. 4, p. 334-355.

Cothren, J, A. Payne, A. Vranich and W. F. Limp. 2006. "A modern survey of ancient ruins." GeoWorld. February page 22-26.

Limp, W. F. 2005 "Data curation" in H. Maschner and C. Chippendale (eds.) Handbook of Archaeological Methods. Altamira Press. pp: 1270-1305.

Nigro, J., F. Limp, K. Kvamme, D. Ruiter and L. Berger 2002 "The creation and potential application of a 3-dimensional GIS for the early hominin site of Swartkrans, South Africa." Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology CAA02 Tempus Reparatum Oxford pp 121-133.

Limp, W. F. 2000 "Geographic information systems in historic preservation" in Scientific methods in historic preservation, Ray Williamson editor. Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science 4 , Kluwer Academic Press, New York. pgs 231-248.

Brooks, T., D. Melman, R. Roca, A. Jahn, W. Limp and K. Smith (1999). Conservation priority setting for birds in Latin America, The Nature Conservancy. Washington DC.

Zuccotti, L. F., M. D. Williamson, W. F. Limp, and P. S. Ungar. 1998. "Modeling primate occlusal topography using Geographic Information System Technology." American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 107(1):137-142. Wiley-Liss Inc., New York.

Limp W. F and D. Harmon 1998 Inside GeoMedia. High Mountain Press, Santa Fe, NM, 600 pp.

Smith, K., R. Dzur, D. G. Catenzaro, M. Garner and W. Limp 1998 Arkansas GAP Analysis Project, Special Publication of the US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division. Washington, DC. Compact disk.

W. F. Limp 1997 "Developing methodologies in the analysis of spatially referenced data and their impact on archaeological method and theory." In Bietti, A., A. Cazella, A. Johnson  and A. Voorrips, eds., XIII International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences. Colloquia Vol. 1 Theoretical and Methodological Problems, pgs 115-125.

Gisiger, A., E. S. Cooper, Y. Yuan and W. F. Limp 1997 "Development and implementation of a rapid low-cost photogrammetric data archival system for artifact and osteological inventory." In Archaeological applications of GIS: Proceedings of Colloquium II, UISPP XIIIth Congress. Edited by M. North and I. Johnson. Sydney University Archaeological Methods Series Volume 5. Sydney, Australia.

Dzur, R. S., M. E. Garner, K. G. Smith, W. F. Limp, D. G. Catanzaro, and R. L. Thompson 1996 "Cooperative accuracy assessment strategies for sampling a natural land cover map of Arkansas." In Spatial accuracy assessment in natural resources and environmental sciences: Second International Symposium. (Eds.) Mowrer, H. T., R. L. Czaplewski, and R. H. Hamre. Pp. 517-526. Fort Collins, Colorado.

Limp, W. F 1989 The Use of Multispectral Digital Imagery in Archeology. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series No. 34. 122pp.

 See complete CV for a complete listing - link below. 

Extramural Funding

Limp has directly received, as Principal or Co-Principal Investigator, total external funding awards exceeding $45,500,000 in the period June 1983 to the present. 

Selected Grant Awards

Expanding Collaborative Opportunities for Research in Archaeo-Geomatics and Archaeo-Geophysics at CAST/AIL BCS 1321443. 2013-2015  National Science Foundation $249,500, J Cothren. W. Limp. J. Casana, D. Frederick and K. Kvamme. 

21st c. Data, 21st c. Publications. 3D Model Publication and Building the Peer Reviewer Community.  2013-2015 National Endowment for the Humanities $49,850. F Limp and R Optiz. 

The Rowher Japanese Confinement Camp 2013-2015. Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program, National Park Service $305,000. W. Limp, R Dennis, K Erdmann and D Fredrick.

Inside the Digital Toolbox: Theory and Practice of Game Content Creation for Heritage Visualization. 2012-2014. National Endowment for the Humanities ($74,844 sub-award to UA ).  D Fredrick, J Cothren and W. Limp.  

Collaborative Research: Cyberinfrastructure for Transformational Scientific Discovery in Arkansas and West Virginia (CI TRAIN) ESP-091897. 2009-2012.Total $5,056,430 National Science Foundation $3,370,951  State of Arkansas $1,686,476 . Co-PI. A. Apon,  D. Spearot, L. Bellaiche  S. Ramaswamy and W. Limp.

Development of a high accuracy/resolution site and structure mapping system, BCS-0321286. 2003-2005 $449,000.  National Science Foundation  Senior co_PI with S Bajwa, S. Burian, S. Beaupre and K. Kvamme.

Computing and Retrieving 3D Archaeological Structures from Subsurface Surveying, IIS-0431070. 2004-2007. $1,555,227. National Science Foundation  Co-PI. K. Faniilidis, G. Biros, J. Shi, A. Vranich and F. Limp.

New Approaches to the Use and Integration of Multi-Sensor Remote Sensing for Historic Resource Identification and Evaluation. 2002-2006. $840,000. Strategic Environmental Defense Research Program. Senior Co-PI. F. Limp, K. Kvamme, T. Sever. and M. Hargrave.

Digital Antiquity: Planning a Digital Information Infrastructure for Archaeology. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 2007-2008 $152,000. Senior Co-PI F. Limp,  K. Kintigh, D. Snow, T. Kohler and J. Ashtul.

Streamlined Archaeo-Geophysical Data Processing And Integration For DoD Field Use. Environmental Security Technology Certification Program 2006-2009. $915,000. Co-PI. M. Hargrave, J. Cothren, F. Limp and W. Johnson.

Probabilistic Risk Based Decision Support for Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Facilities in Sensitive Ecosystems. $496,554. 2007-2008. US Department of Energy. Co- PI. G. Thoma, K. Khursheed,  J. Cothren and F. Limp.

GeoSpatial & Visualization Support & Training for EAST Initiative. EAST Initiative. Total award $1,200,000+. 1998-2007. PI Limp, W. F and M. Williamson.

National Center for Resource Innovations (NCRI) and National Consortium for Rural Geospatial Innovation (RGIS) in America. Total award $2,080,000+, 1991-2007. USDA-CSREES. Senior Co-PI. F. Limp, J. Cothren and B. Culpepper.

Computation architecture supporting carbon sequestration modeling for Central America. 2003-2006. NASA-World Bank. $365,000. Co-PI with J Cothren.

Central and South America avian conservation habitat analysis using AVHRR and other data sources and Mapping North American avian habitat and conservation requirements with AVHRR . The Nature Conservancy and its cooperators. Total Award $295,000. 1997-1999 Co-PI K. Smith.

Automated mapping and reporting system. 2005-2007 and 2007-2009. $440,000. Arkansas Natural Resource Commission. Co-Pi with R. Davis.

Mapping vertebrate distributions using TM imagery (GAP project). USGS-BRD 5 year project. $468,000. Co-PI Kimberly Smith.

Agricultural land use mapping for the Mississippi Delta and Inundation mapping using TM imagery $290,000. 1997-1999. Arkansas Soil and Water Commission. Co-PI B. Gorham.

Statewide land use land cover mapping project. Arkansas Legislature special appropriation. Total award $527,000 1999-2007. W. Limp and B. Gorham.

Enhancing delivery of soils data using web systems, use of NRI, resource methodologies (multiple awards). USDA-NRCS 1993-1998.  $180,000. W. Limp and  J. Farley

Development of an on-line economic development information system using framework data. 2000, USGS-FGDC. $75,000. W. Limp and J. Farley.

Bio-archaeology database, BCS 9121552. 1992-1993.  National Science Foundation $81,081. W. Limp, J. Rose and J. Farley.

  Click for complete 2012 CV in PDF